King in German is König (the ö sounds a bit like “er” only without any “r” sound, the g is a soft “ch” sound). This sound does not exist in standard American or British English in isolation. Technical and geographical words are listed only in a very small amount because of clarity. To pronounce / e / properly, try to say English “hey”, but freeze your tongue in the middle of saying “ey”. In linguistics, cognates, also called lexical cognates, are words that have a common etymological origin. Flak is one of them. Most of these words have the same meaning, while a few have subtle differences in meaning. There are a number of German words that came into English during the two World Wars. Spruce up your vocabulary with our list of common words of German origin. The German 'pf' sound . Did you know there are many German words in English that we use? In English, most of the vowels and some of the consonants are not represented by the same letters as in Dutch, and some Dutch sounds are not found in English. This table is not complete. Jens has the perfect way to help you navigate all those ß ’s, ö ’s, and ü ’s. Flak. It only exists in the diphthong / eɪ /, which we can find in words like “late”, “hey”, “same”. If you know more words, send them by e-mail. The German language might be famous for its exceedingly long compound words, but it’s also famous for its charming sounds and weird symbols. German and English were earlier one and the same language before they became two separate languages. “äu” – is just another way of spelling “eu.” It is pronounced just the same. Some of them are not that obvious, but after you hear the explanation what it’s all about, things become much clearer. Although the German 'pf' sound is written as two letters, it should be articulated as one single sound. [citation needed] Usage in the traditional orthography. An example of a German word with “äu” is “bäume” [trees]. It is called an affricate, which means that is made up of an quick explosion at the start of the sound's articulation - the 'p' stage -, immediately followed by a slow fricative closure - the 'f' stage. Cognates are often inherited from a shared parent language, but they may also involve borrowings from some other language. Many dialects of German, however, have an even longer vowel, or an audibly less-sharp s, in cases single s is used. But still, when you hear Dutch you may recognize some words by their sound, even if they don't look the same in writing, like in these lines: Here you will find words which are the same in German and in English. Since they were one and the same language back then, there are some similarities between them. The second part of the question is easy (at least to write, apologies for my explanations of the sounds!). 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